“A clotting disorder can mean that your blood doesn’t clot enough, or it may clot too much. Both can cause medical emergencies. Too much clotting in a blood vessel in your head can cause a stroke, even in a young child,” says Dr. Nugent, CHOC pediatric hematology specialist.
“UTIs are very common in children. Kids can get them at any age as they grow,” says Dr. Khoury, medical director of pediatric urology at CHOC. “What’s important for parents to remember is that UTI is a generic term. The urinary tract starts with the kidney and goes all the way to the urethra opening where we urinate from.
“Sudden cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heart suddenly stops beating. If this happens, the blood pumped from the heart stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. If it’s not treated in minutes, it leads to death,” says Dr. Batra, medical director of electrophysiology at CHOC Children’s and the division chief of pediatric cardiology at UC Irvine. Sudden cardiac arrest is usually caused by an irregular heartbeat, or a condition called arrhythmia.
CHOC Children’s has long relied on donated pasteurized breast milk to help provide the best nutrition to infants receiving care in its neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). And starting this summer, CHOC is initiating a breast milk donation service that will allow women to donate extra breast milk in the name of CHOC. Under the program,
“I help families understand that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder. It is not a disorder of effort, character, intelligence, parenting skills or self-control.
Common birth defects include heart defects, cleft lip and cleft palate, Down syndrome and spina bifida. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect in the United States, affecting nearly 1 percent of, or about 40,000, births per year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The teen years are a time when adolescents develop their self-image, seek autonomy or independence from their parents, and deal with issues of emerging sexuality, Dr. Sender says. Keeping that in mind with young cancer patients, he explains, “We try to understand and not downplay the issues of self-esteem and body image. We make sure we are talking to the patients and not just their parents.
“Chronic inflammation can be manifest in many ways,” says Dr. Boon. “Signs parents might see in their child include fatigue, fever, rash, joint pain or swelling, sores in their mouth, chest pains and abdominal pain. Start with your pediatrician. Make sure infection is not the cause. The primary care doctor can run some lab tests and refer you to a specialist as necessary. These symptoms are not specific, but can be early signs of chronic inflammation, including chronic forms of juvenile arthritis, lupus, inflammation of the skin and muscles, or other forms of vasculitis (inflammation that affects the blood vessels).