Look for symptoms of heat exhaustion, which include heavy sweating, muscle cramps, weakness, headache, nausea or vomiting and dizziness. Warning signs of heat stroke may include an extremely high body temperature, unconsciousness, confusion, hot and dry skin, a rapid, strong pulse, and a throbbing headache. If symptoms of heat stroke occur, immediately call for medical assistance. Move the person to a shady area and begin cooling their body with water.
To help prevent heat related illnesses, check out these tips recommended by the Orange County Health Care Agency:
• Drink plenty of water. Don’t wait until you are thirsty.
• Never leave children, elderly people or pets unattended in vehicles.
• Stay cool indoors. If your home is not air conditioned, visit public facilities such as shopping malls and libraries to stay cool.
• Check often on those at high risk. This includes older adults, people with heart or lung disease, and young children.
• Avoid unnecessary sun exposure. Wear light, loosefitting clothing, a hat, and use sunscreen.
• Avoid unnecessary exertion outdoors. Take frequent rest and refreshment breaks in a shaded area.
For more information on heat related illnesses, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website at http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/.