skin lumps

Skin Lumps: When Parents Should Worry

Noticing a skin lump on a child can be scary for parents, and it’s easy to automatically assume the worst. Fortunately, most skin lumps are benign and not a major cause for concern, according to Dr. Saeed  Awan, a pediatric general and thoracic surgeon at CHOC Children’s.

Some children are born with skin lumps, and some lumps appear later. The majority of patients with skin lumps will not have any other symptoms, but they can include pain, bleeding, redness, loss of appetite and night sweats. Surgery is often recommended in order to remove these skin lumps, to avoid the risk of infection.

VIDEO: Dr. Mutafa Kabeer, pediatric general and thoracic surgeon at CHOC Children’s, explains in why skin lumps occur in children and how they are treated:

Lymph nodes are the most common lumps that parent notice and worry about. Most parents find lymph nodes in the neck area but can also notice them around the ears and at the back of the skull.

“A pea-sized, rubbery node beneath the skin is nothing to worry about,” says Dr. Awan. “Healthy lymph nodes fluctuate in size- they grow and they shrink, but bad lymph nodes keep growing and are not subtle.”

A lymph node over one centimeter in diameter needs further investigation by a medical professional, especially when associated with loss of weight or appetite, fever or night sweats.

Dermoid cysts, another common lump, typically appear at the part of the eyebrow closest to the temple, but can occur in the middle (midline) of the neck or in the upper chest area. They are rubbery and the size of a pea. These cysts generally do not pose a hazard to your child’s health, but are typically removed to prevent infection. A midline dermoid cyst on the scalp needs more investigation from a pediatric surgeon.

Another common lump is pilomatrixoma, which usually appears on the face, neck or arms, and originates in the hair follicles. It usually manifests as a solitary, asymptomatic, firm nodule.

Hemangiomas develop in the skin when there is an abnormal buildup of blood vessels. This can occur at birth or shortly after. These lumps may increase in size during the first year and then go away on their own over the next three to four years. Most of these do not require surgery unless they are blocking the airway, vision or nostril. Lymphangiomas are rare, but are characterized by swelling on the side of neck.

Thyroglossal cysts are the most common cause of midline neck masses and are generally located just below the hyoid bone, yet these neck masses can occur anywhere along the path of the thyroid gland.

Branchial cysts and sinuses are swelling on the side of the neck. They are typically removed in order to prevent infection.  There are pre-auricular sinuses or skin tags. All of these need to be removed to prevent infection

If you see a skin lump on your child, consult your primary care doctor. If the lump changes size or color, or there is pain associated with the bump, or your child also experiences weight loss or appetite loss, night sweats or a fever, urgent evaluation and further investigation is needed.

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13 thoughts on “Skin Lumps: When Parents Should Worry”

  1. Dr.Awan,

    Thanks for the information. My 17 month old daughter has been diagnosed with pilomatricoma on her right cheek area. Its 5.5 mm in size. It would get dark at times and sometimes its lighter in color. Me and my husband are still in a dilemma to go through the surgery route. Please advice.

    Thanks much!

  2. My son seems to come up in rather small hard lumps every so often. Especially near the armpit area. They seem to come and go but he had a bigger one today that seemed to have a white head on it, so I’m not sure if i sghould of or not but I squeezed it for him. It seemed to come out but now the nodule is very sticky outy, it bled a bit but nothing major and now is quite prevelant. I’ll put some daktakort cream on and see how it goes. Its a bit odd how he keeps getting them though say for about the last 6 months. Could it be a hormonal thing as he is 11.5 years old. ? It seemed to start with a few of them months ago in his armpit then a rash spread and the doctor said it was a bacterial infection and he gave daktakort cream for it which cleared the rash up but the nodules remained for a while. Weird. I don’t feel major worried but a bit curious as to why they keep appearing suddenly.

  3. Hi. My son is 5 years old, I have noticed a small lump couple of months ago on the jaw bone at the cheeck level. It is rubbery, mobile and painless. I have contacted a pediatrician several months ago and he said nothing to worry about. I have been away from my son for 3 months and when I saw him now I found that the lump is bigger in size, still mobile and painless. He had some dental decay and tooth pain at the same side and I am concerned whether that should be the cause of the lump. My son is thin, doesn’t have much appetite from the beginning. Please direct me.

  4. My child painful bumps that appeared suddenly, one bump yesterday and the today appeared more around her chick and neck. What is this?

  5. Hi there. I just noticed that there is a pea-size lump on the back of my 5yo son’s head (between the neck and skull going to the right ear) so far he didnt complain any pain recently and when i touched it. He still eats a lot but he always sweat a lot during the day and night ever since. Do i need to rush him immediate to his pedia or should i observe for a few days? TIA

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